Pavers - Glossary

:: Basic terms
Stylestone Pavers
Heathstone Retaining Walls
Aspenstone Retaining Walls
Promenade Pavers

Below you will find definitions for the common terms used throughout our site.

  Backfill Earth behind the drainage layer that is behind a retaining wall.  
  Base Layer Material compacted into excavation prior to laying bedding sand.  
  Bedding Sand Washed river sand, spread to give a level surface to bed (lay) pavers.
  Bevelled Edge The edges of the face of some pavers are sloped, providing a softer decorative effect.
  Bullnose Rounded front edge of a paver, used for pool edges or stair treads.
  Damp proof course An impermeable layer in a wall (usually a course below floor level) to stop rising damp.
  Drainage material Gravel, placed behind a retaining wall to allow water to drain.
  Edge restraints In pavements, whatever is used to hold the perimeter pavers in place.
  Efflorescence White powdery substance that occurs naturally on cement based products.
  Jointing Sand Fine sand, swept into joints between pavers to lock them into position.
  Loading Mass or force (e.g. Car, House, Pool) impacting on the ground retained.
  Nibs In pavers, a ridge to space pavers apart (for jointing sand). Also, a locator in the assembly of some retaining wall units.
  Screeding Spreading sand with a board so that it is flat, prior to paving.
  Sealer Protective coating for concrete pavers.
  Wastage A percentage added to order quantities to allow for breakages and mistakes.
  Small Format Pavers which are less than 300 x 300mm in size
  Quarry A rock or slate like texture
  Beach A smooth sandy like texture
  Pencil-nose bullnose Small radius bullnose with a vertical front edge suitable for pool edges or stair treads.
  Wetcast A concrete casting technique used to manufacture large format pavers with a fine surface texture detail.